Complete Guide to Prop Trading: What It is, How It Works & Why Should You Join

Trading can be risky yet extremely rewarding. If you’re a skilled trader with a strong strategy and consistent wins, you can make a lot of money in the forex market. However, a common challenge for many skilled traders is not having enough capital. Less capital means lower profits, even for expert traders. To tackle this issue, there’s a groundbreaking funding solution that helps traders worldwide obtain funding and potentially earn thousands of dollars in profits each month. This solution is called a “proprietary trading firm” or, more commonly, a “prop firm.”

What is Prop Trading?

Proprietary trading, or prop trading, is a way to trade where financial institutions (specialized trading firms) provide funding capital to skilled traders, allowing them to trade and earn a profit. In exchange for this method of trading, the generated profit is typically divided between the trader and the firm, with the trader receiving anywhere from 50% to 90% of the profits, and the firm earning the remaining share. Skilled traders can earn thousands of dollars in profit from trading without risking their own money, and prop trading allows them to access a larger pool of capital than they might have individually.

What is Forex Prop Trading?

Forex prop trading is where prop trading firms provide skilled forex traders with funding capital to trade currencies in the foreign exchange (forex) market. The goal is to generate profits by funding capital without the traders risking their own capital.

What is Stocks, Options & Futures Prop Trading?

Similar to forex prop trading, stocks, options, and futures prop trading refers to a proprietary trading system where stocks, options, and futures traders get funded by the firm. This setup allows traders to tap into a more extensive capital pool, increasing their opportunities to achieve significant gains in the stock, option, and futures markets.

How Does the Prop Trading Program Work?

Prop trading programs allow traders to trade with a firm’s money, rather than their own. The program typically involves a process in which traders are evaluated based on their trading strategies and risk management skills, and if successful, they are offered capital to trade on behalf of the firm. In return, the traders receive a percentage of the profits they generate. Prop trading programs may have specific rules and guidelines for risk management, position sizing, and trading strategies. If you need to know more about it, here is a beginner’s guide to proprietary trading firms.

How Does a Prop Firm Get Money?

Prop firms typically generate their own capital through various means, such as traders’ subscription fees, investments from partners or investors, and profits generated through trading activities. Prop firms may also receive fees for providing services such as trading education or software to other traders. Additionally, some prop firms may use a combination of these methods to generate capital to support their trading activities. Ultimately, the success of a prop firm depends on the performance of the traders they fund and their ability to generate consistent profits from their trading strategies.

How Prop Traders Get Paid?

Prop traders are typically paid based on the profits they generate for the firm, rather than a fixed salary. The compensation structure may vary depending on the prop trading firm, but it is commonly based on a performance-based fee structure. 
The profit split percentage may depend on the trader’s experience, track record, and the amount of capital they are trading. Some prop trading firms may also offer bonuses or other incentives based on a trader’s performance or meeting certain benchmarks.

Why Should You Join a Prop Trading Firm?

Joining a prop firm can offer several benefits to traders. 
1. It provides an opportunity to trade with a larger amount of capital than they may have access to on their own. This can potentially increase profits and allow for more diverse trading strategies. 
2. Prop trading firms may also offer access to specialized software, research, and trading tools that can enhance a trader’s performance. 
3. Additionally, Prop firms often have a team of experienced traders and mentors who can provide guidance and support to help traders improve their skills and achieve success. 
Here are more insights about the benefits of trading with prop funds.  

How to Get Into Prop Trading?

Getting into prop trading typically involves a few key steps. 
1. Firstly, traders need to develop their skills and gain experience in trading through practice or education. This may involve studying financial markets, learning about trading strategies, and gaining experience through simulated trading or small-scale trading with their own capital. 
2. Once they feel confident in their abilities, traders can apply to join a Prop firm, which may involve completing an evaluation process. During this process, traders may be assessed based on their performance in simulated or live trading, risk management skills, and other factors. 
3. If successful, traders may be offered a position as a Prop trader with the firm, where they can trade with the firm’s capital and potentially earn a share of the profits they generate.

Best Prop Trading Strategies

Prop trading) strategies cannot be universally applied, as they depend on a trader’s unique goals, risk tolerance, and trading style. However, popular strategies include using the smart money concept to read and beat the market, trend following, compounding, Bollinger Bands Scalping among others. The effectiveness of a prop trading strategy hinges on the trader’s experience, skills, and ability to adapt to market conditions. 

Risk Management in Prop Trading

Risk management in prop trading involves identifying, assessing, and mitigating potential risks associated with trading activities. Prop trading firms may also have specific risk management policies and guidelines that traders must follow to minimize potential losses. To succeed in a Prop firm, a trader must manage their psychological state and market analysis abilities, and handle the battle with FOMO during trading. Effective risk management is crucial in prop trading, as it can help to preserve capital and reduce the impact of unforeseen market events or trading losses. This includes setting stop-loss orders, diversifying their portfolio, monitoring market volatility, and limiting position sizes. If a trader is successful in managing these factors, they have a higher chance of success in the journey with a Prop firm.

Online Places to Follow for Prop Trading Firms’ Update

There are several online places that aspiring prop traders can follow to learn about prop trading and stay up-to-date with the latest industry news and trends. Here are some popular online places:


Telegram can be a good online platform to follow prop trading firms’ updates, as it allows for real-time communication and instant messaging. Many prop trading firms and traders have Telegram groups or channels where they share updates on market conditions, trading strategies, and other relevant information.


Reddit can be a useful online platform to follow Prop Trading firms’ updates and connect with other traders, as there are several subreddits dedicated to trading and investing. These subreddits provide a space for traders to share ideas, discuss trading strategies, and ask questions.


Discord can be a good online platform to follow Prop Trading firms’ updates. It allows for real-time communication and instant messaging. Discord can also provide a sense of community for Prop traders, allowing them to connect with like-minded individuals and share insights and ideas. Many prop traders have Discord groups or channels where they share updates on market conditions, trading strategies, and other relevant information.


In conclusion, prop trading can be an exciting and potentially lucrative career path for skilled traders who are willing to take on the associated risks and invest the time and effort required to succeed. Prop trading is very risky and requires a lot of knowledge, discipline, and risk management. So, it’s important to be careful. As with any career path, it is essential to do your research, understand the potential risks and rewards, and make an informed decision about whether or not prop trading is the right choice for you.


Why Choose Prop Trading?

Prop trading can offer traders the potential for high profits and the opportunity to trade with a larger amount of capital than they may have access to on their own. Prop trading firms may also provide access to specialized tools and resources, as well as mentorship from experienced traders.

Overall, prop trading can be a rewarding and lucrative career path for traders who are willing to take on the associated risks and invest the time and effort required to succeed.

Is Prop Trading Illegal or a Scam?

Prop trading is not illegal or a scam, as it is a legitimate trading activity conducted by licensed firms and regulated by financial authorities.

However, there have been instances of fraudulent Prop trading firms or traders who engage in illegal or unethical activities. Traders should also ensure that they comply with all applicable laws and regulations governing Prop trading in their jurisdiction.

Is Prop Trading Worth It?

Whether or not prop trading is worth it depends on the individual trader’s goals, risk tolerance, and trading style. Prop trading can offer the potential for high profits and the opportunity to trade with a larger amount of capital than a trader may have access to on their own.

However, it also involves significant risks and requires a high level of skill and discipline. Ultimately, the decision to pursue prop trading as a career path is a personal one that should be made after careful consideration of the associated risks and rewards.

Michael Scott
Michael Scott

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